Dr. Hani Shennib Interviews Constitutional Drafting Committee Member Omar Anaas

The Libyan constitution of 1951/1963 was abruptly suspended with the Gaddafi 1969 coup d’ etat. Since then Libya had not had a constitution. After the 2011 revolution, the Libyan flag and national anthem, but not the constitution, were reinstated. With the political turmoil and civil war that followed, many aspire to the reactivation of the old constitution with or without minor modifications. A constitutional body of 60 members from the different historical regions of Libya were called upon to draw a new constitution. After complex wrangling and deliberations a proposal for a new constitution was recommended by this body. The House of Representatives voted to put this constitution up for referendum but with a caveat that majorities would be required from voters in each of the three historical provinces - Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan - for the constitution to pass successfully. Debate rages among Libyans as to the acceptability of many of the items within the proposed constitution.

In the following piece, we interviewed Dr. Omar Naas, a constitutional lawyer who was involved in writing the proposed constitution as a member of the Constitutional Drafting Committee in Libya.

المقدمة

إن المسار الدستوري الذي ارتضاه الشعب الليبي ورسمه لنفسه من خلال الإعلان الدستوري الصادر عن المجلس الانتقالي يوم 3 أغسطس 2011 وتعديلاته اللاحقة هو مسار تأسيسي بامتياز حيث يكون الشعب الليبي هو صاحب السلطة التأسيسية الحقيقية. وصناعة الدستور الليبي هي صناعة شعبية حقيقية، حيث ترسّخ لمبدأ "الشعب الليبي يصنع دستوره"، ومشاركة الشعب الليبي الفعلية في صناعة دستوره تتجلّى من خلال محطات أساسية ومراحل ثلاثة وهي